Earlier this week, technology solution providers and leaders from more than 200 cities came together at the 2016 Smart Cities Innovation Summit where they shared ideas on how to use technology to address the needs of their communities. The IoT is integral to creating a smart city, and the role of that data was the focus of the Sensor Networks panel.
Who owns the data captured by sensors?
Tarik Hammadou, Cofounder and CEO, VIMOC Technologies: The data is owned by the city. The city provides the services to the customers. The data is the asset that the city owns. The service provider charges for the service or API, not the data. Cities need a source of revenue to sustain smart cities. The only source of revenue is the data. Then they'll use that data to provide services to the customers and see if it provides the customer with value.
James Stansberry, Senior Vice President and General Manager, Internet of Things, Silicon Labs: The US government believes they own it, so the city owns it, but it's a slippery slope. There are lots of different data types out there, like Siri or Alexa. This type of data should be personal and is owned by the person. Data like the amount of pedestrian bike traffic is collected and belongs to the city. There are usually indicators that they city owns certain types of data, for instance you'll have to opt in.
How do smart cities protect their data and build a secure network?
James: Security is a big issue. Consider it like an onion. Let's start at the center at the chip level, then you get to the software level, then to the protocol stack, and so on. Your network needs to be secure throughout. No unknown or un-secure devices should even go on your network. That's how people hack into your network. There are lots of thoughts around security standards - don't ignore them.
What's the biggest unexpected benefit or challenge when building smart cities?
Scarlett King, Director, IoT Solutions - Smart Connected Communities and Cities Lead, Bosch: Support of the sensor technology used in smart cities is often an afterthought, but it's critical to be successful and can be a failing point if overlooked. The expert needs to bring this to the city's attention: how do you need to implement or deploy your program and be able to run it for years to come? Cities need to think in billions of sensors, not millions or thousands. Their job would be made easier if all the technology were on the same protocol and used the same standards.
What are you most excited about in the future for smart cities?
Scarlett: The speed of data. How quickly can you get me valuable insights, and therefore impact or add value to our customers.
Tarik: A smart city gives you data to understand things better, which means we can make helpful things.
IoT continues to grow and be a part of the future of a more connected world. We look forward to being a part of the integration of technology in everyday life to grow cities and make them healthier, smarter, and more efficient.