In this article, an input is considered unused when that input is declared as “Unused (Powered-down)” in ClockBuilder Pro.
An active clock signal on an unused input must not violate the maximum and minimum voltage level at the input pins, which are +3.8V and -1.0V respectively. Permanent device damage may occur if the absolute maximum ratings are exceeded. If the unused input is AC coupled, then input pin will be biased at 0V. Therefore, the maximum peak-to-peak swing of the AC coupled input must not be greater than 2Vpp [0V – 2Vpp/2 = -1V] so that the signal does not fall below -1.0V. See below figure for example scenarios.
It is okay to provide an active clock signal to an unused input if:
It is not okay to provide an active clock signal to an unused input if:
Whether an input is unused or enabled, the absolute maximum/minimum ratings cannot be violated. The designer must take into account any overshoot/undershoot in the signal, any temperature related effects that could cause increased overshoot/undershoot, or any uncertainty in the signal amplitude. It is always advised to leave some margin to minimize potential risks.