How can I make the frequency bandwidth of PCB antennas wider?


In some cases/applications the BW of printed antennas might not be sufficient. This article summarizes some design tricks on how to make a printed antenna wider bandwidth.


- Increase the board size (e.g. GND plane in the case of monopole-type antennas). Avoid using RF modules that have smaller size than quater-wavelength. Small modules generally have poor antenna gain and narrow bandwidth (due to the high Q factor).


- Increase the board thickness. Of course, it's typically limited by design.


- Decrease the dielectric constant of the PCB. Select PCB material with low epsilon value. 


- Use wider and/or tapered traces in the PCB antenna structure.


- Do some tricks in the external antenna matching network. I.e. use more components to do the match; create resonators in the matching network. Also, see Bode-Fano, Youla matching techniques.

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